FAQ Software
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This article discuss about some of most frequently asked questions about computer software.
 
1.Define software?

Software refers to one or more computer programs and data held in the storage of the computer for some purposes.


2.Who proposed the first theory about software?

Alan Turing in his 1935 essay Computable numbers with an application to the Entscheidungsproblem (Decision problem).


3.When term "software" was first used in print?

John W. Tukey in 1958.


4.Founders of Microsoft?

Bill Gates and Paul Allen


5.Founders of Apple?

Steve Jobs,Steve Wozniak and Ronald Wayne.


6.What are the types of software?

System software, Programming software, and Application software.


7.What is system software?

System software provides the basic functions for computer usage and helps run the computer hardware and system.


8.What are the different types of system software?

Device drivers, Operating systems, Servers, Utilities, and Window systems.


9.What is device drivers?

A device driver or software driver is a computer program allowing higher-level computer programs to interact with a hardware device.


10.Give examples for device driver?

Vidix,CUPS


11.What is an OS?

An operating system (OS) is a set of programs that manage computer hardware resources and provide common services for application software. The operating system is the most important type of system software in a computer system. A user cannot run an application program on the computer without an operating system, unless the application program is self booting.


12.Give examples for OS?

Microsoft XP,Vista,Seven,Linux,Mac etc.


13.What is server software?

A server is a computer program running to serve the requests of other programs, the "clients". Thus, the "server" performs some computational task on behalf of "clients".


14.Give example for server software?

IBM HTTP Server,FreeNas,Appache etc.


15.What is utility software?

Utility software is system software designed to help analyze, configure, optimize or maintain a computer. A single piece of utility software is usually called a utility or tool.


16.Give examples for utility software?

Anti-virus,Backup,File managers etc.


17.What is window systems?

A windowing system (or window system) is a component of a graphical user interface (GUI), and more specifically of a desktop environment, which supports the implementation of window managers,and provides basic support for graphics hardware, pointing devices such as mice, and keyboards.


18.Give examples for window systems?

HP Windows,ManaGeR (MGR),Metisse,MicroXwin etc.


19.What is programming software?

Programming software usually provides tools to assist a programmer in writing computer programs, and software using different programming languages in a more convenient way.


20.What are the different types of programming software?

Compilers,Debuggers,Interpreters,Linkers, and Text editors.


21.What is a compiler?

A compiler is a computer program (or set of programs) that transforms source code written in a programming language (the source language) into another computer language (the target language, often having a binary form known as object code). The most common reason for wanting to transform source code is to create an executable program.


22.What is a debugger?

A debugger or debugging tool is a computer program that is used to test and debug other programs (the "target" program).


23.What is a software bug?

A software bug is the common term used to describe an error, flaw, mistake, failure, or fault in a computer program or system that produces an incorrect or unexpected result, or causes it to behave in unintended ways.


24.What is an interpreter?

An interpreter translates some form of source code into a target representation that it can immediately execute and evaluate. The structure of the interpreter is similar to that of a compiler, but the amount of time it takes to produce the executable representation will vary as will the amount of optimization. The following diagram shows one representation of the differences.


25.What is linker?

A linker or link editor is a program that takes one or more objects generated by a compiler and combines them into a single executable program.


26.What is text editor?

A text editor is a type of program used for editing plain text files.Text editors are often provided with operating systems or software development packages, and can be used to change configuration files and programming language source code.


27.What is an IDE?

An Integrated development environment (IDE) is a single application that attempts to manage all these functions.


28.What is application software?

Application software, also known as an application or an "app", is computer software designed to help the user to perform specific tasks. Examples include enterprise software, accounting software, office suites, graphics software and media players.


29.Give examples for business software?

OpenOffice.org, Microsoft Office,Tally etc.


30.What is DBMS?

A database management system (DBMS) is a software package with computer programs that control the creation, maintenance, and use of a database.


31.What is decision making software?

Decision-making software (DMS) is a term integrating decision analysis tools to facilitate a person's decision-making process, which results in a choice of a course of action or a variant among several alternatives. DMS belongs to the class of decision support systems used to structure information, identify and solve problems and make decisions.


32.What is spreadsheet?

A spreadsheet is a computer application that simulates a paper accounting worksheet. It displays multiple cells usually in a two-dimensional matrix or grid consisting of rows and columns. Each cell contains alphanumeric text, numeric values or formulas.


33.What is platform software?

Platform includes the firmware, device drivers, an operating system, and typically a graphical user interface which, in total, allow a user to interact with the computer and its peripherals (associated equipment).Platform software often comes bundled with the computer. On a PC you will usually have the ability to change the platform software.


34.What is user written software?

End-user development tailors systems to meet users' specific needs. User software include spreadsheet templates and word processor templates. Even email filters are a kind of user software.Users create this software themselves and often overlook how important it is. Depending on how competently the user-written software has been integrated into default application packages,many users may not be aware of the distinction between the original packages and what has been added by co-workers.


35.What is SDLC?

The systems development life cycle (SDLC), or software development life cycle in systems engineering, information systems and software engineering, is a process of creating or altering information systems, and the models and methodologies that people use to develop these systems.


36.What is software design?

Software design is a process of problem solving and planning for a software solution. After the purpose and specifications of software are determined, software developers will design or employ designers to develop a plan for a solution.


37.What is software testing?

Software testing is an investigation conducted to provide stakeholders with information about the quality of the product or service under test.


38.What is software documentation?

Software documentation or source code documentation is written text that accompanies computer software. It either explains how it operates or how to use it, and may mean different things to people in different roles.


39.What is software library?

An executable is almost always not sufficiently complete for direct execution. Software libraries include collections of functions and functionality that may be embedded in other applications. Operating systems include many standard Software libraries, and applications are often distributed with their own libraries.


40.What is Software standard?

Since software can be designed using many different programming languages and in many different operating systems and operating environments, software standard is needed so that different software can understand and exchange information between each other.


41.What is software licence?

The software's license gives the user the right to use the software in the licensed environment. Some software comes with the license when purchased off the shelf, or an OEM license when bundled with hardware. Other software comes with a free software license, granting the recipient the rights to modify and redistribute the software. Software can also be in the form of freeware or shareware.


42.What is software patent?

Software can be patented in some but not all countries; however, software patents can be controversial in the software industry with many people holding different views about it. The controversy over software patents is about specific algorithms or techniques that the software contains, which may not be duplicated by others and considered intellectual property and copyright infringement depending on the severity.


43.What is testware?

Testware is any software for testing hardware or software.


44.What is firmware?

Firmware is low-level software often stored on electrically programmable memory devices. Firmware is given its name because it is treated like hardware and run ("executed") by other software programs.Firmware often is not accessible for change by other entities but the developers' enterprises.


45.What is software engineering?

Software engineering (SE) is the application of a systematic, disciplined, quantifiable approach to the development, operation, and maintenance of software, and the study of these approaches; that is, the application of engineering to software.


46.What is software portability?

Portability in high-level computer programming is the usability of the same software in different environments. 


47.What is software requirement specification ?

A Software Requirements Specification ('SRS) – a requirements specification for a software system – is a complete description of the behavior of a system to be developed. It includes a set of use cases that describe all the interactions the users will have with the software.


48.What is software piracy?

The unauthorized copying of software.


49.What is product activation?

An anti-piracy technology built into all Microsoft Office XP, Windows XP and Visio 2002 products.


50.What is remote software?

Software for controlling a computer remotely via another device that's connected through a network or the Internet. Remote desktop software enables the user to see and control a connected PC as though they are sitting directly in front of it.







   
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